miércoles, 22 de marzo de 2006

Descifrar passwords Cisco tipo 7

En menos de 1 segundo podemos romper el cifrado Cisco tipo 7.
/* This code is originally from a Bugtraq post by 
Jared Mauch . I patched it with an improved
translation table by Janos Zsako
-Fyodor (fyodor@insecure.org) */

#include
#include

char xlat[] = {
0x64, 0x73, 0x66, 0x64, 0x3b, 0x6b, 0x66, 0x6f,
0x41, 0x2c, 0x2e, 0x69, 0x79, 0x65, 0x77, 0x72,
0x6b, 0x6c, 0x64, 0x4a, 0x4b, 0x44, 0x48, 0x53 , 0x55, 0x42
};

char pw_str1[] = " password 7 ";
char pw_str2[] = "enable password 7 ";
char pw_str3[] = "ip ftp password 7 ";
char pw_str4[] = " ip ospf message-digest-key 1 md5 7 ";

char *pname;

cdecrypt(enc_pw, dec_pw)
char *enc_pw;
char *dec_pw;
{
unsigned int seed, i, val = 0;

if(strlen(enc_pw) & 1)
return(-1);

seed = (enc_pw[0] - '0') * 10 + enc_pw[1] - '0';

if (seed > 15 || !isdigit(enc_pw[0]) || !isdigit(enc_pw[1]))
return(-1);

for (i = 2 ; i <= strlen(enc_pw); i++) {
if(i !=2 && !(i & 1)) {
dec_pw[i / 2 - 2] = val ^ xlat[seed++];
val = 0;
}

val *= 16;

if(isdigit(enc_pw[i] = toupper(enc_pw[i]))) {
val += enc_pw[i] - '0';
continue;
}

if(enc_pw[i] >= 'A' && enc_pw[i] <= 'F') {
val += enc_pw[i] - 'A' + 10;
continue;
}

if(strlen(enc_pw) != i)
return(-1);
}

dec_pw[++i / 2] = 0;

return(0);
}

usage()
{
fprintf(stdout, "Usage: %s -p \n", pname);
fprintf(stdout, " %s \n", pname);

return(0);
}

main(argc,argv)
int argc;
char **argv;

{
FILE *in = stdin, *out = stdout;
char line[257];
char passwd[65];
unsigned int i, pw_pos;

pname = argv[0];

if(argc > 1)
{
if(argc > 3) {
usage();
exit(1);
}

if(argv[1][0] == '-')
{
switch(argv[1][1]) {
case 'h':
usage();
break;

case 'p':
bzero(passwd, sizeof(passwd));
if(cdecrypt(argv[2], passwd)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error.\n");
exit(1);
}
fprintf(stdout, "password: %s\n", passwd);
break;

default:
fprintf(stderr, "%s: unknow option.", pname);
}

return(0);
}

if((in = fopen(argv[1], "rt")) == NULL)
exit(1);
if(argc > 2)
if((out = fopen(argv[2], "wt")) == NULL)
exit(1);
}

while(1) {
for(i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
if((line[i] = fgetc(in)) == EOF) {
if(i)
break;

fclose(in);
fclose(out);
return(0);
}
if(line[i] == '\r')
i--;

if(line[i] == '\n')
break;
}
pw_pos = 0;
line[i] = 0;

if(!strncmp(line, pw_str1, strlen(pw_str1)))
pw_pos = strlen(pw_str1);

if(!strncmp(line, pw_str2, strlen(pw_str2)))
pw_pos = strlen(pw_str2);
if(!strncmp(line, pw_str3, strlen(pw_str3)))
pw_pos = strlen(pw_str3);
if(!strncmp(line, pw_str4, strlen(pw_str4)))
pw_pos = strlen(pw_str4);

if(!pw_pos) {
fprintf(stdout, "%s\n", line);
continue;
}

bzero(passwd, sizeof(passwd));
if(cdecrypt(&line[pw_pos], passwd)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error.\n");
exit(1);
}
else {
if(pw_pos == strlen(pw_str1))
fprintf(out, "%s", pw_str1);
else if (pw_pos == strlen(pw_str2))
fprintf(out, "%s", pw_str2);
else if (pw_pos == strlen(pw_str3))
fprintf(out, "%s", pw_str3);
else if (pw_pos == strlen(pw_str4))
fprintf(out, "%s", pw_str4);

fprintf(out, "%s\n", passwd);
}
}
}
Y a continuacion una version en perl que fue posteada en su dia a BugTraq.
#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# $Id: cisco.passwords.html 1799 2003-05-08 20:33:12Z fyodor $
#
# Credits for orginal code and description hobbit@avian.org,
# SPHiXe, .mudge et al. and for John Bashinski <jbash@CISCO.COM>
# for Cisco IOS password encryption facts.
#
# Use for any malice or illegal purposes strictly prohibited!
#

@xlat = ( 0x64, 0x73, 0x66, 0x64, 0x3b, 0x6b, 0x66, 0x6f, 0x41,
0x2c, 0x2e, 0x69, 0x79, 0x65, 0x77, 0x72, 0x6b, 0x6c,
0x64, 0x4a, 0x4b, 0x44, 0x48, 0x53 , 0x55, 0x42 );

while (<>) {
if (/(password|md5)\s+7\s+([\da-f]+)/io) {
if (!(length($2) & 1)) {
$ep = $2; $dp = "";
($s, $e) = ($2 =~ /^(..)(.+)/o);
for ($i = 0; $i < length($e); $i+=2) {
$dp .= sprintf "%c",hex(substr($e,$i,2))^$xlat[$s++];
}
s/7\s+$ep/$dp/;
}
}
print;
}

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